Hepatorenal syndrome is a serious complication in patients with liver failure where the patient develops rapidly progressive renal failure that usually results in death. The condition occurs in the context of end-stage liver disease and is often associated with diuretic use for ascites or large-volume paracentesis or spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
Aetiology and Pathophyiosloy
There is about a 20% 1-year risk and a 40% 5-year risk of developing hepatorenal syndrome for patients with end-stage liver failure.
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